1 edition of Characterization and research investigation of methanol and methyl fuels found in the catalog.
Characterization and research investigation of methanol and methyl fuels
by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Waste Management, Office of Mobile Source Air Pollution Control, Emission Control Technology Division, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Ann Arbor, Mich, Springfield, Va
Written in English
|Statement||by R. K. Pefly ... [et al.]|
|Contributions||Pefly, R K, United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Mobile Source Air Pollution Control. Emission Control Technology Division|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||108 p. :|
|Number of Pages||108|
Technical Report: Preparation and characterization of ligand types intermediate in the metal catalyzed conversion of coal to methane, methanol, and higher alkanes and alcohols. Final progress report, September 1, J NASA Images Solar System Collection Ames Research Center. Brooklyn Museum. Full text of "DTIC ADA Review of Physical and Chemical Methods for Characterization of Fuels".
Several liquid fuels were tested, including commercially available petroleum-based No. 2 diesel fuel, canola methyl ester (CME B) biodiesel, kerosene, methanol, toluene, and selected alkanes. The radiative heat flux from the flames was measured using a wide-angle pyrheliometer; the emissions from the flames were sampled to measure the Cited by: Prashanth, F.P.; Kumar, M.M.; Vinu, R. Analytical and microwave pyrolysis of empty oil palm fruit bunch: Kinetics and product characterization, Bioresour. Technol.
Algae fuel, algal biofuel, or algal oil is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Also, algae fuels are an alternative to commonly known biofuel sources, such as corn and sugarcane. When made from seaweed (macroalgae) it can be known as seaweed fuel or seaweed oil.. Several companies and government agencies are funding . 1. Introduction. Development of transesterification process for production of biodiesel as an alternative, green, and sustainable fuel has become an important issue due to diminishing fossil fuel reserves, rising crude oil price, and the stringent exhaust emission regulations .Biodiesel produced by transesterification reaction can be catalyzed with alkali, acid, or enzyme, in which Cited by: 2.
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Salary of member of Federal Trade Commission. Letter from the Chairman of Federal Trade Commission transmitting tentative item of legislation to provide for payment of salary of member of Federal Trade Commission appointed during recess of the Senate to fill vacancy existing while Senate was in session.
Get this from a library. Characterization and research investigation of methanol and methyl fuels: final report. [Richard K Pefly; United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Mobile Source Air Pollution Control. Emission Control Technology Division.;].
Get this from a library. Characterization and research investigation of methanol and methyl fuels in automobile engines: first year report. [Richard K Pefly; United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Mobile Source Air Pollution Control. Emission Control Technology Division.; University of Santa Clara.
The soybean methyl ester was used as a representative composition of typical biodiesel fuels. The heating and evaporation of ethanol–biodiesel–diesel (EBD). An experimental investigation of lifted spray flames in a coflow of hot, vitiated gases is presented. The vitiated coflow burner is a spray flame that issues into a coaxial flow of hot combustion.
Alternative diesel fuels made from natural, renewable sources such as vegetable oil and fats.The most commonly used oils for the production of Biodiesel are soybean, sunflower, palm, rapeseed, canola, cotton seed and the prices of edible vegetable oils are higher than that of diesel fuel, therefore waste vegetable oils and non-edible crude vegetable oils are Cited by: Downloadable (with restrictions).
The world is confronted with the twin crises of fossil fuel depletion and environmental degradation. The indiscriminate extraction and consumption of fossil fuels have led to a reduction in petroleum reserves.
Petroleum based fuels are obtained from limited reserves. These finite reserves are highly concentrated in certain region of the world. "Characterization of Emissions from Vehicles Using Methanol and Methanol-Gasoline Blended Fuels," Peter A.
Gabele, James O. Baugh, Frank Black, Richard Snow, JAPCA"Characterization of Emissions from a Methanol Fueled Motor Vehicle," Richard Snow, et al., Submitted to JAPCA, September EPA/a July CHARACTERIZATION OF METHANOL/GASOLINE BLENDS AS AUTOMOTIVE FUEL - PERFORMANCE AND EMISSIONS CHARACTERISTICS U.S.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Office of Air and Waste Management Office of Mobile Source Air Pollution Control Emission Control Technology Division Ann Arbor.
Surface Science () North-Holland Publishing Company AN ELECTRON SPECTROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF THE INTERACTION OF METHANOL WITH POLYCRYSTALLINE ALUMINUM * J.W.
ROGERS, Jr. **, R.L. HANCE *** and J.M. WHITE Department ofChemistry, University of Texas, Austin, TexasUSA Received 21 January Cited by: Research Journal of Chemical Sciences _____ ISSN X Vol.
3(9),September () Res. Chem. Sci. International Science Congress Association 64 Study of Physical and Chemical Properties of Biodiesel from Sorghum OilFile Size: KB.
Three new 6-methyloxo-1,2-dihydroquinolinecarbaldehyde-thiosemicarbazones-Nsubstituted pro-ligands and their Cu(II) complexes (1, -NH2; 2, -NHMe; 3, -NHEt) have been prepared and characterized. In both the X-ray structures of 1 and 3, two crystallographically independent complex molecules were found that differ either in the nature of weakly metal.
Alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, propanol or butanol can be used in the transesterification reaction and the (produced) monoesters are known as methyl, ethyl, propyl and butyl esters, respectively. The raw materials used as triacylglycerol source for biodiesel production were discussed previously in the text (Section 2).Cited by: Abstract In this research work, melon oil was used as feedstock for methyl ester production.
The research was aimed at optimizing the reaction conditions for methyl ester yield from the oil. Response surface methodology (RSM), based on a five level, four variable central composite designs (CCD)was used to optimize and statistically analyze the interaction effect Author: O.
Aliozo, L. Emembolu, O. Onukwuli. The transesterification reactions of four different vegetable oils (sunflower, rapeseed, olive oil and used frying oil) with ethanol, using sodium hydroxide as catalyst, were studied.
The ester preparation involved a two-step transesterification reaction, followed by purification. The effects of the mass ratio of catalyst to oil ( – %), the molar ratio of ethanol to oil ( – Cited by: The high octane number of methyl and ethyl alcohol favors these fuels for use of alcohol as a biocomponent in a dual fuel diesel engine.
The newly conducted research on the use of methanol in diesel engines relates to its co‐combustion with diesel f Alcohol fuel can be delivered to the engine in two by: Since technology exists for making methanol from coal-derived synthesis gas, this new process provides an additional source of chemical feedstocks and transportation fuels.
In the conversion of methanol to hydrocarbons over such catalysts, more. Pefley, R. K., Ecklund, E. E.: Characterization and Research Investigation of Alcohol Fuels in Automobile Engines.
Final Report DOE Contract No. DE-AC 78 C 5, Report No. ME–1, April Google ScholarCited by: 1. Around the world, there is a growing increase in biofuels consumption, mainly ethanol and biodiesel as well as their blends with diesel that reduce the cost impact of biofuels while retaining some of the advantages of the biofuels.
This increase is due to several factors like decreasing the dependence on imported petroleum; providing a market for the excess production of vegetable.
In this work, a process for producing vanillin and methyl vanillate from an industrial kraft lignin by oxidation in aqueous methanol at acidic pH is proposed. A series of consecutive runs, comprising the steps of kraft lignin oxidation, monomer extraction, and filtration of residual lignin, were conducted.
The depolymerization of kraft lignin (1 g per run) was carried out in a stirred batch. This report presents the recommendation of the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources regarding the need to ban the sale of gasoline containing alcohols used as oxygenates, including methanol, iso-butanol, isopropanol, and others.
Guidelines for Investigation and Cleanup of MTBE and Other Ether-Based Oxygenates (PDF) Exit (20 pp, 72 K). In this research work, the optimization conditions for obtaining optimum biodiesel yield from argan oil as well as the quantification of degree of interactions between reactants and biodiesel yield were investigated by using a response optimization model and response surface methodology (RSM) respectively.
Similarly, a regression polynomial model was used to develop a unified Author: Adewale Johnson Folayan, Paul Apeye Lucky Anawe. Combustion and Emission Characterization of n-Butanol Fueled HCCI Biofuels are attracting global attention as alternate transportation fuels due to advantages of their being produced from locally available renewable resources, lower pollution potential, and biodegradable nature.
-crank angle data acquisition with subsequent heat release Cited by: The role of surfactants and hydrophilic additives in gasoline fuel was demonstrated. The impact of anionic surfactant sodium bis‐(2‐ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate (AOT) and hydrophilic oxygen containing additives, such as alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propan‐2‐ol, butanol, 2‐methylpropanol) and methyl t‐butyl ether (MTBE) on solubility of water, electrolytic conductivity in gasoline and Cited by: 1.